The Changu Changu Moto cookstove being constructed
AFTER: Mrs Longwe now has her Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient cookstove
RIPPLE Africa is making fuel-efficient clean cookstoves in Malawi, Africa. RIPPLE Africa’s fuel-efficient cookstove is called the “Changu Changu Moto” and is a sustainable and locally produced fuel efficient cookstove made out of just 26 mud bricks and a mud mortar mix. The Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient cookstove is an adaption of a 16-brick design by Dr Larry Winiarski, and has been specially modified by RIPPLE Africa after lots of positive trials and community feedback. RIPPLE Africa has worked with several types of fuel-efficient cookstoves over the years; however, we firmly believe the Changu Changu Moto is the most realistic and aptly suited fuel-efficient cookstove design for rural Africa we have ever seen!
Three-stone fires typically use three large bundles of wood per week
Each year, about 1.6 million people worldwide die prematurely from smoke inhalation from cooking fires
Children regularly suffer burns from falling into three-stone fires or when their clothes catch fire
Here are some of the reasons why:
Sustainability: The Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient cookstove is made from 100% local materials (mud, sand, manure, water!), making it a completely sustainable solution for Africa.
Simplicity: It takes just one hour to make a Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient cookstove, and the stove can be used as soon as it dries.
Durability: The Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient cookstove is strong and sturdy, and any damage can easily be repaired by the individual simply by adding additional mud mortar.
Effectiveness: The Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient cookstove reduces household wood use from three or four bundles of wood per week to just one, creating up to a 66% wood savings.
Safety Benefits: The Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient cookstove contains the fire within the stove at the side of the kitchen, so women and children are less likely to incur serious burns compared to a traditional three-stone fire.
Health Benefits: The Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient clean cookstove produces substantially less smoke than the traditional three-stone fire, so women and children inhale less smoke and are less likely to have smoke related illnesses.
Quality of Life: Fuel savings mean that women make just one three to five hour trip to collect wood each week, saving up to 10 hours of hard labour every week!
Culturally Appropriate: The Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient cookstove has a double wood burner, making it perfectly suited to Malawian cooking methods of preparing rice or nsima in one pot, and vegetables or meat in another pot, simultaneously.
Low-Tech: High-tech fuel-efficient cookstoves are unrealistic for the majority of people in Africa; however, the Changu Changu Moto is low-tech, making it a universal and realistic solution for rural Africa on a massive scale.
Inexpensive: The materials to build a Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient cookstove are free; the only cost is the labour, and simple building tools comprising a bucket, pot, and trowel, which can be used again and again.
Knowledge Sharing: Anyone with the knowledge can build their own Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient cookstove, and we encourage people to copy our design! To learn how, read the Changu Changu Moto Step-by-step Guide and watch the videos below.
Only one bundle of wood is needed each week for a Changu Changu Moto cookstove
Two or three small pieces of wood are used at a time, and the bricks retain the heat to prolong cooking
Less smoke is produced, the cookstove is safer and cleaner, and it benefits from a double burner
Why This Is Important
Deforestation is one of the greatest issues facing Africa today. The effects of deforestation are tangible: less rain, hotter climates, soil erosion, and drought bring famine, poverty, and starvation. One of causes of deforestation is the high demand for wood used for cooking fires. In Malawi, 95% of the population use wood or charcoal for cooking every day, and almost 100% in rural areas! The Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient cookstove reduces the demand on Malawi’s forests, as it uses up to 66% less wood than a traditional three-stone cooking fire. Just one Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient cookstove will save hundreds of trees in its lifetime. (Imagine the savings if everyone in Malawi used one!)
The Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient clean cookstove is also important to healthcare. According to the World Health Organisation, 1.6 million people die prematurely from smoke inhalation every year — that’s more people than die of malaria! These effects are most poignant for women and children who spend most of their day around the fire. The Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient clean cookstove reduces smoke inhalation as it produces substantially less smoke and is located at the side of the kitchen, keeping families out of the line of the smoke during their day-to-day activity. The Changu Changu Moto also reduces the chance of incurring serious burns: 60% of the families surveyed in our community said they had at least one family member who had suffered serious injury from clothes catching fire or from falling into a traditional three-stone fire.
Lastly, the Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient cookstove is important because it improves the quality of life for women in Malawi. Culturally, women in Malawi have a huge amount of responsibility, including the cooking and collecting of firewood. For a typical Malawian woman, collecting enough firewood for the family can require three or four separate trips each week, each trip taking between three to five hours! The Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient cookstove reduces that labour by up to 10 hours per week, drastically improving the quality of life for women who have it quite tough as it is!
How To Make the Changu Changu Moto Fuel-efficient Clean Cookstove
1. Make 26 mud bricks and dry in the sun
2. Collect clay soil and sandy soil, and possibly animal manure, to make the mortar
3. The Community Volunteer prepares a place in the kitchen and builds the cookstove
4. Once the cookstove is built, mud is plastered around the exterior
5. Mud pot rests are constructed
6. The Changu Changu Moto cookstove is completed and is ready for use in two to three days when the mud has dried (it may be necessary to apply more mud to any cracks that develop)
What it Costs
The Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient clean cookstove is a fantastic and cost-effective fuel-efficient cookstove option for rural Africa. By donating to this project, you will be saving hundreds of trees, and changing the lives of women and children in Malawi. The unit cost includes awareness training, construction of the cookstove, and regular visits to monitor and train householders in the use and maintenance of the cookstove for a two-year period so that using and maintaining the cookstove becomes a way of life.
£10 pays for one Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient cookstove
£100 pays for 10 Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient cookstoves
£5,000 pays for 500 Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient cookstoves
£50,000 pays for 5,000 Changu Changu Moto fuel-efficient cookstoves
Diana, a RIPPLE Africa Community Volunteer, instructing a homeowner on how to use and maintain the Changu Changu Moto cookstove
This Changu Changu Moto was constructed with cement rather than mud to make a more permanent cookstove
These Changu Changu Moto cookstoves were built at a large church meeting which 2,000 people attended to raise people’s awareness of the project
To read the most recent issue of RIPPLE News, please clickhere
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